Steven Beard is OEF’s CU-ABD fellow for the 2017-2018 academic year. He is a PhD candidate in political science at the University of Colorado-Boulder, focusing on international conflict. His research explores how countries strategically interact, and the conditions under which these interactions produce war or peace. Steven is writing his dissertation on why interstate wars end when they do. In addition, he has a forthcoming paper in International Studies Quarterly on when the potential to attack by surprise can lead to war.