International Elections and Leaders: September 2019 Update

Guatemalan candidate for the Vamos (Let's Go) party Alejandro Giammattei shows his inked finger after voting at a polling station in Guatemala City on August 11, 2019. Photo by ORLANDO ESTRADA/AFP/Getty Images

The REIGN Dataset (Rulers, Elections, and Irregular Governance) covers political conditions in every country each and every month. We update the data set monthly to reflect the most recent political events, such as coups, world elections, and changes in political leadership. We also provide monthly election coverage and track leadership changes in a series of updates called International Elections and Leaders.

This update provides a quick overview of electoral and leadership changes for the previous month.

International Elections

Two elections to determine the new chief executive took place in August.

Central America

Guatemala held a second round for its presidential election on August 11th. Conservative candidate Alejandro Giammattei won 58 percent of the vote while center-left candidate Sandra Torres came in as runner-up with 42 percent. Both candidates had run previously, and Giammattei’s win took place under record non-turnout, as only 40 percent of eligible voters cast a vote. Giammattei is seen as a conservative hardliner whose policy platform centers around law and order. Specific policy goals for the president-elect include the resumption of the death penalty, a crackdown on corruption, and improvements in job numbers and economic security. Giammattei will officially take office in January 2020.


Nauru held its parliamentary election on August 24th. Incumbent president Baron Waqa lost his constituency seat during the election and the presidency by default.

New Leaders

Two new leaders took power in the month of August.


Mohamed Ould Ghazouani assumed office as president of Mauritania on August 1st. Ghazouani’s assumption of office is the first peaceful transfer of power in the nation’s history. Ghazouani, like his predecessor, is a career military officer and supporter of Abdelaziz, whose tenure began after a military coup in 2008. Little is known about how Ghazouani plans to govern, but his public rhetoric indicates a will to strengthen and mature Mauritania’s democratic system. Keep an eye on Mauritania as the country continues to deal with issues surrounding human trafficking, slavery, and systematic human rights abuses.


Following the induction of a new parliament, the legislative body elected Lionel Aingimea as the 15th president of Nauru on August 27th. Aingimea, a lawyer and law lecturer, has been involved in politics since 2016. Aingimea is expected to address ongoing controversies surrounding migrant detention camps housed on the island and to enact governmental reforms regarding transparency and human rights.

Elections to Watch in September

Two key elections are set to be held in the month of September. Tunisia will hold a snap presidential election on September 15th. Tuvalu will hold its parliamentary election on September 9th.

Interested in more election coverage? Visit the REIGN Dataset page, or read the most recent update on international elections and leaders. 

  • Brief on the 19 October 2021 Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile Test of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    On 20 October 2021, the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) reported that the DPRK’s Defence Science Institute had conducted a test of a new submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) on 19 October. This is a preliminary brief on the test launch. Read More
  • Preliminary-Analysis-missile-test-thumb-ONN

    Preliminary Analysis of 30 September 2021 Anti-Aircraft Missile Test of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    On 1 October 2021, the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) reported that the Academy of Defence Science tested a newly developed anti-aircraft missile (see Attachment). The test, which took place on 30 September, also marked the fourth missile test of the DPRK within the same month. Read More
  • observations-on-hypersonic-missile

    Observations on the 28 September 2021 Hypersonic Missile Test of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    The Hwasong-8 test launch marks the first test of a ballistic missile of the IRBM class since 2017. It also demonstrates that the DPRK military industry is trying to fulfil the tasks set out during the Eighth Congress of the Korean Workers’ Party in January 2021. Read More
  • Impact Investors in Shuraako’s Groundbreaking Nordic Fund Visiting Somaliland

    Visionary impact investors in the historic partnership that One Earth Future’s Shuraako program has pioneered through its Nordic Horn of Africa Opportunities Fund will meet next week with clients and partners in Somaliland. Read More
  • Blurring the Lines of Separation; Localizing Ourselves for Peace

    The recent presence of military coups covered in the news may lead people to believe that coups are more prevalent in 2021 than they have been in recent years, however, this perception may warrant further questions pertaining to what qualifies an event as a coup, and how loosely should the term be used? Read more: Read More
  • Secure Fisheries Speaking at the World Cold Chain Symposium 2021

    Secure Fisheries Director, Sarah Glaser, and Field Manager, Mustafe Mohamoud, to participate as featured speakers at the World Cold Chain Symposium (Register Now)

    Secure Fisheries, a program of One Earth Future, is excited to announce its participation in the upcoming virtual World Cold Chain Symposium on September 14th, 9-11 A.M. (EST), hosted by The Global Food Cold Chain Council and the United Nations Environment Programme. Experts from around the world will come together to collaborate on how the cold chain can increase food security, reduce food loss and waste, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to a more sustainable future. Read More