PeaceWire | Fall 2019

Peace Building News

 

 

Maritime Security and Peace

 

In October, One Earth Future (OEF) joined the world in celebrating 74 years of the United Nations—a day to commemorate the achievements and actions of a multilateral institution solving some of the world’s most pressing issues.

In line with the values and efforts of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), OEF reaffirms its commitment to pursuing international peace and security and building upon the UN's 74-year legacy. 
To support the consolidation of peace (SDG 16) after the signature of the  
Final Agreement to End the Armed Conflict and Build a Stable and Lasting Peace in Colombia, PASO Colombia has established 18 Rural Alternative Schools (ERAs) throughout the country in the last two years. These schools operate as productive and educational collaboration platforms (SDG 17) that harness public, private, and community resources to develop sustainable agricultural projects (SDG 8, 11). They also promote collaborative commercial partnerships where communities sign agreements with companies that guarantee the purchase of their production at a fair price for a specific period of time.  In its first two years of implementation this model has generated 1,608 jobs for ex-combatants in the reincorporation process, 391 for members of the recipient communities (SDG 8), and $11.5 million in commercial agreements, besides important savings for the participants through projects aimed at guaranteeing their food self-sufficiency (SDG 2).
Thanks to the success and rapid growth of this intervention model, PASO Colombia was selected by the United Nations Multi-Partner Trust Fund for Sustaining Peace in Colombia to implement a comprehensive strategy to support 2,000 families, in eight municipalities, that agreed to substitute coca crops and participate in the National Comprehensive Program for the Substitution of Crops Used for Illicit Purposes (SDG 16). This program develops the fourth item of the Final Agreement to End the Armed Conflict, as the illegal economies have fueled war for decades. This way, to ensure the sustainability of the reincorporation of ex-combatants and to help build sustainable peace in the long term, PASO is now using the experience gathered in 18 ERAs to support impoverished rural communities in their disentanglement from illegal economies, creating room for legitimate agricultural business.
Shuraako is tackling SDG 8, decent work and economic growth, in the Somali region. Specifically this quarter, Shuraako has continued to expand its footprint in Somalia through the Nordic Horn of Africa Opportunities Fund, which has invested in 27 companies to date, for a total of nearly $6.3 million. The fund focuses on providing access to financing for entrepreneurs who traditionally have a difficult time getting funding from lending institutions such as women and youth entrepreneurs and first-time borrowers. By offering loans at impact rates, we are able to provide financing opportunities to those who need it most, while also providing a platform to grow the global economy by establishing job security and an inclusive trade market for all.
Shuraako has also implemented the Women’s Economic Empowerment program in partnership with the International Labour Organization, which is funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
The first of its kind, our Women in Resistance (WiRe) data set assessed resistance movements on the degree to which they incorporate women into their political goals, their memberships, and their leadership. We’ve found that resistance groups with greater gender equality in leadership or frontline membership are more likely to choose and continue to use nonviolent strategies and are also more likely to succeed in their goals. This report shows one way that SDG 16—peaceful, just, and inclusive societies—can be brought about and underscores the value of SDG 5—gender equality.
Our Secure Future’s latest policy brief, “Operationalizing a Feminist Foreign Policy: Recommendations for the US Government,” grounds the concept of a feminist foreign policy within the US context, outlines connections to other national and international policy frameworks, and provides recommendations to operationalize such a policy in the United States. 

Our staff were interviewed for a new documentary entitled A Towering Task.  The film analyzes the history of the Peace Corps “through a lens of civic, political, and community themes, and the elusive concept of peacemaking by opening up a conversation with historians, political scientists, sociologists, and journalists about what a mission of world peace and friendship means in today’s conflict-filled world.”

Given Our Secure Future’s specific focus on gender equality and women’s full and meaningful participation, each of the projects tie directly into SDGs 5 and 16. 
Secure Fisheries advances SDG 14 (life below water) and SDG 16 (peace, justice, and strong institutions) by promoting sustainable governance structures for small-scale and artisanal fisheries using cooperative management, or co-management. Our recent report, The Potential for Fisheries Co-management in the Somali Region, explores how co-management works in Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Liberia, and how co-management may be feasible for Somali fisheries. We have subsequently been working closely with government stakeholders and fishing communities to facilitate fisheries co-management through relevant trainings and workshops, including co-management trainings for the Somali government, oceanic workshops with fishing communities to inform resource management, and an eight-day net-making training.
In September, Secure Fisheries also released the SFF 2019 Outcome Report, which includes highlights from the event, its reception from attendees and media, and key findings and recommendations from each of the sessions.
Stable Seas provides research and informs policy at the nexus of SDG 14, life below water, and SDG 16, peace, justice, and strong institutions. The program was invited to participate in a regional forum on “Maritime Security Cooperation in the Sulu-Celebes Seas: The Role of the Trilateral Cooperative Agreement” in Manila. The workshop, focused on the shared maritime challenges in Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines, featured experts from the three countries in defense and security, as well as government officials and policymakers. Our work on illicit maritime activities in the Sulu and Celebes Seas was also published in The ASEAN Post (“The Future of Philippine Maritime Enforcement”). The op-ed highlights ways forward for Filipino enforcement efforts. 

Additionally, Stable Seas is providing expertise to the Indian Navy as it improves rule of law (SDG 16) within its exclusive economic zone. The Indian Navy’s Information Fusion Centre for the Indian Ocean Region helps to prevent illegal activities in the region by tracking vessel movements, sharing information, and improving maritime domain awareness.
As we look toward the next 74 years, the UN’s presence around the world will continue to play an important role in facilitating peace and security operations. As an incubator of peacebuilding programs, OEF will remain focused on networked coordination and iterative learning and improvement as a catalyst to solve complex problems at the root of armed conflict.
To stay up-to-date with OEF and any of our programs, you can follow us on FacebookTwitter, and Instagram. You can also check out our website at oneearthfuture.org.

About One Earth Future

For more than a decade, One Earth Future has worked to solve complex problems at the root of armed conflict. Through its unique culture of iterative learning and improvement, OEF designs, tests, and partners to scale programs that help communities see problems in new ways and solve them collectively.

Join the OEF team: See our available positions here.