New Construction at the Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground
By Xu Tianran on July 14, 2021

This report is a work product for the Korean Peninsula monitoring project, which aims to provide situation awareness about the Korean Peninsula. This particular report is about changes ONN detected from satellite images at North Korea’s Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground.


50 MWe reactor at Yongbyon
By Veronika Bedenko on July 9, 2021

Analysis of satellite imagery from June 2021 revealed new activity at the abandoned 50 MWe reactor at Yongbyon, Democratic People's Republic of Korea.


DPRK ballistic missile submarines
By Xu Tianran on April 16, 2021

This factsheet offers a brief introduction to the ballistic missile submarines of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the associated submarine-launched ballistic missiles.


Does Japan Have New Counterforce Strike Capabilities?
By Katsuhisa Furukawa on April 2, 2021

Since 2018, Japan has advanced its stand-off weapons programmes. It is currently planning to introduce the Norway-sourced Joint Strike Missile and undertaking research and development and/or deployment of at least six types of indigenous stand-off weapons. Theoretically, the maximum ranges of some of these weapons would become long enough to reach the territories of neighbouring countries. Therefore, concerns have been raised in Japan that such weapons could be used for active offensive operations.


Open Nuclear Network - Korean Peninsula Risk Assessment
By Jaewoo Shin, Veronika Bedenko, Clayton Besaw, Tianran Xu, Katsuhisa Furukawa on April 1, 2021

The report assesses events on the Korean Peninsula in March 2021 when US-ROK joint military exercises were conducted, high-level consultations between the US/ROK/Japan took place and the DPRK issued numerous statements criticizing the aforementioned, while also launching short-range missiles on two separate dates.


Melissa Hanham and Xu Tianran Contribute to Next Fifty Years of Nuclear Proliferation
By Xu Tianran, Melissa Hanham on February 15, 2021

ONN analyst Xu Tianran and Melissa Hanham co-authored a chapter for the new volume from George Washington University on The Next 50 Years of Nuclear Proliferation. The chapter titled The Next 50 Years of Missile Proliferation tries to illustrate the future trends of missile proliferation by examining the history of ballistic and cruise missile proliferation.


ONN Publication - 8th Congress of the Workers' Party of Korea Part 2 Leaders
By Jaewoo Shin on February 9, 2021

The 8th Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was held in Pyongyang from 5 to 12 January 2021. This paper provides an overview of the structural and personnel changes that resulted from the 8th Congress and analyses their implications for the leadership’s governance style in the coming years.


ONN Publication - 8th Congress of the Workers' Party of Korea Part 1
By Katsuhisa FURUKAWA on February 9, 2021

The 8th Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was held in Pyongyang from 5 to 12 January 2021. This paper provides an overview of the decisions taken during the 8th Congress and analyzes the directions of the country’s economic, national defence and external policies, including its nuclear weapons programme.


Datayo Japan Missile Defence article
By Katsuhisa FURUKAWA on January 13, 2021

On 18 December 2020, the Japanese Cabinet decided on a new policy to upgrade its missile defence systems to cope with the evolving missile threats in the surrounding region. Meanwhile, speculations have been brewing with regard to whether Japan might abandon its traditional policy of exclusive self-defence, drift from its alliance with the United States or start developing indigenous strike capabilities against military targets within its adversaries’ territories.


Open Nuclear Network - Risk Reduction for Korean Peninsula
By Open Nuclear Network on November 6, 2020

Open Nuclear Network (ONN), a programme of One Earth Future, is a non-governmental organisation committed to global peacebuilding efforts via the two-pronged approach explained in this paper. ONN is dedicated to reducing nuclear risks through the use of open source data analysis and engagement with decision makers in areas of conflict. Its focus this year — the 70th anniversary of the beginning of the Korean War — is on the Korean Peninsula and the continued tension in the region.


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