Instructors of large classes often face challenges with student motivation. The classroom incentive structure – grades, extra credit, and instructor and peer acknowledgement – may shape student motivations to engage in their studies. Over the course of a year, students in the introductory psychology course at McMaster University took part in an experiment to test whether competition could affect student achievement, engagement and peer interaction. Cooperation and Competition in Large Classrooms evaluated the effects of competition on student performance and the learning environment.
OBP notes a worrying spread of STS Oil Theft in SE Asia
Global governance is one of the most critical subjects in international relations scholarship and policymaking today. With intensified globalization, and the proliferation of collective action problems the world is facing in diverse areas such as security, climate, and economic relations, the need for the creation and sustenance of legitimate global governance structures is increasingly acknowledged. Yet, while most policymakers think global governance is a good thing, many aspects of global governance are poorly understood and often contested.
An OEF Research report authored by Ken Scott and Laura Rhodes reviewed international and national legal systems, laws, and practices regarding applicable norms and corporate responsibilities related to human rights abuses, and more specifically, mass atrocities. This policy brief is a summary of their research and OEF Research’s recommendations concerning the responsibilities of corporate actors in terms of human rights abuses, violations of international humanitarian law, and mass atrocity crimes.
Research by Victor Odundo Owuor published as “Investing in Stability: The Case for Somalia” in the Business, Peace and Sustainable Development journal is the basis for this policy brief, and analyzes whether and how foreign direct investment (FDI) is linked to stability in a country ravaged by conflict and underdevelopment. The analysis is largely tied to the experience of sub-Saharan Africa with particular reference to Somalia.
Since 2010, well over $100 million has been spent on investigating, prosecuting, and imprisoning pirates operating off the Horn of Africa. These efforts have been subject to two related criticisms. First, compared to enhanced naval coordination, industry best management practices, and the use of private armed guards, threat of prosecution has been a relatively weak deterrent. Second, because of the marked decline in maritime piracy since 2012, improving the effectiveness of piracy prosecutions is no longer an urgent matter.
Research by Professors Andrew F. Cooper and Bessma Momani published in Global Governance focused on the evolution and impact of the Global Governance Group as a mechanism for linking G-20 and non-G-20 states and enhancing the legitimacy and potential effectiveness of the G-20 on the global stage. This research provides valuable insights on questions of how the workings of international institutions can be improved and also on how small states can gain influence in these institutions both symbolically and instrumentally.
A comprehensive review of the range of activities undertaken by the private sector before, during, and immediately after the 2013 elections is the subject of a research report by Victor Owuor and Scott Wisor.This policy brief discusses key implications from this research for policy and practice.
Following the disputed presidential election results in 2007- 08, widespread violence engulfed Kenya, killing over one thousand people and displacing hundreds of thousands. One in three Kenyans were directly affected by the violence. In 2013, independent observers feared that new elections might produce similar or worse violence. The elections were held, and despite disputes over the final tallies and problems with the polling systems that had recently been put in place, the elections were the most peaceful in Kenya’s history.
Since 2005, there has been growing consensus and frequently recurring calls in the international community for the leaders, financiers, and land-based facilitators of modern maritime piracy to be prosecuted. There is broad recognition (at least in concept and rhetoric) that successfully prosecuting the low-level skiff pirates, while part of the equation, will ultimately have limited impact on ending or substantially reducing piracy, at least in terms of the law enforcement and prosecution components of national and international counter-piracy efforts.