Many of the world’s most infamous terrorist organizations demonstrate clear political aptitude, maintaining highly successful political parties while simultaneously carrying out terrorist attacks. Yet the relationship between terrorism and a group’s political fortune is unclear. Groups like Hamas and Hezbollah appear to have gained significant sup- port as a consequence of certain attacks, most notably those against US and Israeli targets. Other organizations fight for their political life after certain attacks.
The increase in global maritime piracy, particularly in the Western Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden and in the Gulf of Guinea off West Africa, has developed into a serious threat to maritime shipping, demanding the attention of international organizations and states around the world. Combating this problem requires a significant amount of manpower, resources, and collaboration. Piracy distinguishes itself from many other international crimes in that it by definition occurs on the high seas, outside the jurisdiction of any state.
In recent decades, many who are involved in international relations and foreign policy have bemoaned the increasing divide between what practitioners do and the issues scholars research. Accusations from both sides have detailed what appear to be entrenched institutional cultures with few possibilities for change. The bridge linking these two communities appears to be broken. Despite myriad attacks, evidence on either side of the divide is desperately lacking.
Instructors of large classes often face challenges with student motivation. The classroom incentive structure – grades, extra credit, and instructor and peer acknowledgement – may shape student motivations to engage in their studies. Over the course of a year, students in the introductory psychology course at McMaster University took part in an experiment to test whether competition could affect student achievement, engagement and peer interaction. Cooperation and Competition in Large Classrooms evaluated the effects of competition on student performance and the learning environment.
OBP notes a worrying spread of STS Oil Theft in SE Asia
Global governance is one of the most critical subjects in international relations scholarship and policymaking today. With intensified globalization, and the proliferation of collective action problems the world is facing in diverse areas such as security, climate, and economic relations, the need for the creation and sustenance of legitimate global governance structures is increasingly acknowledged. Yet, while most policymakers think global governance is a good thing, many aspects of global governance are poorly understood and often contested.
An OEF Research report authored by Ken Scott and Laura Rhodes reviewed international and national legal systems, laws, and practices regarding applicable norms and corporate responsibilities related to human rights abuses, and more specifically, mass atrocities. This policy brief is a summary of their research and OEF Research’s recommendations concerning the responsibilities of corporate actors in terms of human rights abuses, violations of international humanitarian law, and mass atrocity crimes.
Research by Victor Odundo Owuor published as “Investing in Stability: The Case for Somalia” in the Business, Peace and Sustainable Development journal is the basis for this policy brief, and analyzes whether and how foreign direct investment (FDI) is linked to stability in a country ravaged by conflict and underdevelopment. The analysis is largely tied to the experience of sub-Saharan Africa with particular reference to Somalia.
Since 2010, well over $100 million has been spent on investigating, prosecuting, and imprisoning pirates operating off the Horn of Africa. These efforts have been subject to two related criticisms. First, compared to enhanced naval coordination, industry best management practices, and the use of private armed guards, threat of prosecution has been a relatively weak deterrent. Second, because of the marked decline in maritime piracy since 2012, improving the effectiveness of piracy prosecutions is no longer an urgent matter.
Research by Professors Andrew F. Cooper and Bessma Momani published in Global Governance focused on the evolution and impact of the Global Governance Group as a mechanism for linking G-20 and non-G-20 states and enhancing the legitimacy and potential effectiveness of the G-20 on the global stage. This research provides valuable insights on questions of how the workings of international institutions can be improved and also on how small states can gain influence in these institutions both symbolically and instrumentally.