A comprehensive review of the range of activities undertaken by the private sector before, during, and immediately after the 2013 elections is the subject of a research report by Victor Owuor and Scott Wisor.This policy brief discusses key implications from this research for policy and practice.
Following the disputed presidential election results in 2007- 08, widespread violence engulfed Kenya, killing over one thousand people and displacing hundreds of thousands. One in three Kenyans were directly affected by the violence. In 2013, independent observers feared that new elections might produce similar or worse violence. The elections were held, and despite disputes over the final tallies and problems with the polling systems that had recently been put in place, the elections were the most peaceful in Kenya’s history.
Since 2005, there has been growing consensus and frequently recurring calls in the international community for the leaders, financiers, and land-based facilitators of modern maritime piracy to be prosecuted. There is broad recognition (at least in concept and rhetoric) that successfully prosecuting the low-level skiff pirates, while part of the equation, will ultimately have limited impact on ending or substantially reducing piracy, at least in terms of the law enforcement and prosecution components of national and international counter-piracy efforts.
The journal Global Constitutionalism published an article by Eamon Aloyo in its November 2013 issue entitled, “Improving Global Accountability: The ICC and Nonviolent Crimes Against Humanity.”Aloyo’s article represents the view that some nonviolent harms, whether in a democratic or nondemocratic regime, are never legitimate.
An obvious puzzle for friends and foes of international cooperation is how to explain why order, stability, and predictability exist despite the lack of a central authority to address the planet’s problems. In short, how is the world governed in the absence of a world government? This paper explores the concept of global governance and answers three questions: Why has the concept of global governance emerged? What is it? And finally, where is global governance going?
Oceans Beyond Piracy has launched the fourth installment of its annual reports detailing the economic and human costs of African maritime piracy. The study, "The State of Maritime Piracy 2013," examines the costs incurred as a result of piracy occurring off the coast of Somalia, as well as in the Gulf of Guinea.
"Understanding Governance" is Chapter 2 in the State of the World 2014: Governing for Sustainability by The Worldwatch Institute. This chapter provides an introduction to the existing research around the concept of governance. It reviews the way that governance systems vary in terms of institutional structure, jurisdiction, and sources of legitimacy. It also reviews existing definitions of good governance, looking at how researchers have historically defined good governance, and at what existing research suggests predicts these different forms of good governance.
In response to the continued challenges of piracy and armed robbery in West Africa, a number of initiatives have been developed both regionally and internationally. Among the most prominent initiatives are the International Information Sharing Centers that are currently operating or are planned for the region. The featured chart gives an overview of the proposed and operating Information Sharing Centers in West Africa.
A series of workshops convened by the One Earth Future Foundation and Rodney Bruce Hall (Oxford University) on the topic of the roles NGOs can play in contributing to peace and good governance resulted in the book Reducing Armed Violence with NGO Governance. This volume discusses whether – or the extent to which – NGOs can, as private actors, contribute to authoritative governance outcomes in the security realm and thereby help mitigate armed violence by plugging governance gaps.