Research & Analysis

By Tianran Xu on October 21, 2021

On 20 October 2021, the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) reported that its Defence Science Institute conducted a test of a new submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) on 19 October. This is a preliminary brief on the test launch.

By Tianran Xu on October 20, 2021

On 11 October 2021, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) held a defence development exhibition entitled “Self-Defence-2021” in Pyongyang to celebrate the 76th anniversary of the founding of the Workers’ Party of Korea (WPK). The exhibition offered a rare glimpse into the depth and ingenuity of the DPRK’s arms build-up.

Summary of Findings:

The exhibition shows that:

Update on Preliminary Analysis of 30 September 2021 Anti-Aircraft Missile Test of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
By Tianran Xu on October 12, 2021

On 1 October 2021, ONN published a preliminary analysis of the DPRK’s 30 September 2021 anti-aircraft missile test.

The first DPRK missile launch from a rail-mobile launcher
By Tianran Xu, Jaewoo Shin, Katsuhisa Furukawa on September 17, 2021

The piece analyses the two ballistic missile launches from a rail-mobile launcher that the DPRK conducted on 15 September 2021.

By Tianran Xu on September 14, 2021

Briefing on the test launches of the "new type long-range cruise missile" on 11 and 12 September 2021 September 2021 in the DPRK.

Assessment of the Impact of August 2021 Rainfall and Flooding in the DPRK
By Tianran Xu, Katsuhisa Furukawa, Veronika Bedenko, Jaewoo Shin on September 13, 2021

Analysis of the damage caused by heavy rainfall and flooding in August 2021 in the DPRK.

Ballistic missile and rocket institutions in Taiwan, China
By Xu Tianran on September 8, 2021

This report is the first in a series of reports on ballistic missile/space launch vehicle development in the Republic of Korea, Japan and Taiwan, China, with a focus on institutions that are capable of producing components that could be subject to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) or the Hague Code of Conduct.

Food Insecurity in the DPRK in 2021
By Katsuhisa Furukawa on August 17, 2021

The report analyses information available in the open source domain about the DPRK’s food insecurity.

ONN Monitoring Report: Activities Continue at the Abandoned 50 MWe Reactor at Yongbyon
By Veronika Bedenko on July 27, 2021

In the monitoring report on the 50 MWe Reactor at Yongbyon from 9 July 2021, ONN noted that the roof of one of the buildings adjacent to the main reactor hall had been removed.1 The scale of the reported activity appeared to be larger than the previously reported instances in 2018 and 2019. However, the nature of the recent activity remained unclear. ONN subsequently consulted a number of technical and satellite imagery analysis experts in an effort to identify what the recent activity could mean.

New Constructions at the Chamjin Missile Factory
By Xu Tianran on July 26, 2021

The Chamjin Missile Factory, also known as the Thaesong Machine Plant, is an important facility for ballistic missile production in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). Recent satellite imagery shows new construction activities on the premises of the factory’s main compound.